Cerro del Teul

Cerro del Teul รีวิว, ซากาเตกัส


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jose luis c
Zapopan, เม็กซิโก87 ผลงาน
Un tiempo para conocer la Historia Prehispsnica
มี.ค. ค.ศ. 2020 • เพื่อนๆ
La primera semana de Marzo,fue un día poco usual,lejos de cumplir con mi jornada laboral, decidí salir a conocer el Cerro del Teûl,en el municipio del mismo nombre,en el Túnel Zacatecas.
La visita a este emblemático Cerro,fue apoyado por un aposinado Guía de Turistas.
Una dama Oriunda del Lugar,que ganó una certificación de la Secretaria de Turísmo, que la Habilita como mujer Apasionada por la Historia de su Pueblo,y sus antepasados.
El Sábado por la mañana,antes de caer el Sol con gran fuerza,salimos mis Amigos y Yo. Caminamos cuesta arriba un promedio de más de 1500 mts sobre el nivel del mar,trayecto nada cansado,por ir acompañado de una buena charla y el relajo de los Jóvenes. Pero también motivados de ir a conocer unas ruinas Arqueológicas, que según los profesionales,se asemeja a la Ciudad de Teotihuacán.
Al llegar a la Cima, para iniciar,una vista espectacular del Paisaje semiDesertico,pero con estructuras caprichosas en los lejanos cerros,contrasta con su pequeña presa,donde se almacena agua y a la vez,cuenta con gran variedad de peces,donde seduce a los aficionados a salir a pescar.
Grandes estructuras con Miles de Años de construidas,monolitos y unas misteriosas partes sin explorar por los Arqueólogos.
Por la noche nos Hospedarnos en las Cabañas don Aurelio,a un costado de la destilería de Mezcal,del mismo nombre.
Para los que gustan del turismo religioso y les agrada saber de las Historias de héroes anónimos de la época de la revolución Cristera.
Se cuenta con una Iglesia antigua,donde se guardan varias reliquias de Sacerdotes que murieron defendiendo su FE y la Libertad de su pueblo,en la época de 1926-1929.
Recorer sus calles, que han Sido poco modernizada, esto le da un plus al atractivo de Pueblo Mágico. Conocer a su gente,hace que lo tedioso del camino sinuso, para llegar hasta este lugar del Teúl Zacatecas. Valga la pena,pues recorer una zona con grandes atractivos poco conocidos,en nuestro México
เขียนเมื่อ 8 มีนาคม ค.ศ. 2020
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Jorge L
Pachuca, เม็กซิโก69 ผลงาน
Viaje familiar de verano / moto turismo
ก.ค. ค.ศ. 2019 • ครอบครัว
Un lugar muy padre, la zona arqueológica abierta al público en octubre 2018 está muy bonita, se sube por un sendero al cerro para acceder a los edificios, vistas muy bonitas y aprendizaje sobre la cultura caxcana.
เขียนเมื่อ 13 กรกฎาคม ค.ศ. 2019
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John P
กวาดาลาฮารา, เม็กซิโก338 ผลงาน
Newly Opened Archaeological Site is Marvellous
ต.ค. ค.ศ. 2018 • เพื่อนๆ
The city of Teúl de González Ortega is located in the southern part of the state of Zacatecas, 100 kilometers north of Guadalajara. Teúl is one of Mexico’s Pueblos Mágicos, or Magic Cities and well deserves the name. I found the houses pretty, the streets clean and well paved, and there seemed to be picturesque arches everywhere. It can also be said that everywhere you wander in this town, you can always see the Cerro de Teúl on the horizon, so stately and imposing that even the notorious Conquistador Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán, remarked upon its grandeur.

On October 5, 2018, the archaeological site on the Cerro was inaugurated, and it seemed the whole town turned out for the event. There was standing room only as politician after politician alluded to the deep love of the local people for this mountain of theirs and to the wholehearted support the archaeologists had received for their project. “My friends,” archaeologist Laura Soler told the crowd, “We are finally finished doing our work and we will no longer keep you away from your beloved peñol. From now on it will be open to the public every day of the week but Monday.”

I learned that excavations and studies had been carried out by Soler and archaeologist Peter Jiménez for ten long years and that this particular site is considered of monumental importance because it was occupied continuously for 17 to 19 centuries, so its history matches and reflects the history of northwestern Mexico.

A very wide, smooth, well-marked trail leads from the town up the mountainside, with stairs built in a few strategic places and occasional shaded spots with benches where you can catch your breath and take a rest. The most dramatic “rest stop” is a very long shelter cave with seats carved into the living rock by ancient peoples. Here you can sit in the shade and enjoy a magnificent, panoramic view of Teul de González. Also carved into the rock wall are horizontal and vertical channels for collecting the spring water which oozes out of this mountain at various points.

It’s good that there are plenty of places to rest along the trail, because this is one steep hill, with a vertical difference of 171 meters between the town and the shaft tomb up at the very top, but it’s only a one-kilometer walk through spectacular scenery. Scattered along the way are well-designed explanatory signs (sorry, entirely in Spanish), each of which is linked to an app called “Explora Cerro del Teùl” which you can download free from the Google Play Store. The app uses GPS to recognize where you are and presents lots of info, cartoon style. People were oohing and ahhing about this ultramodern guide, but as for me, I’d still rather read a sign than squint at a tiny screen obviously not designed for bright sunlight.

Up, up you go and suddenly you reach a wide, flat area with a plaza, the ruins of a pyramid and a sunken patio where great crowds used to gather for “Mitote Ceremonies,” dances held, for example, in May to assure the arrival of the rains and in October or November asking the gods to end them. Here the archaeologists found many fragments of simple ceramics that had been used to prepare food for these big crowds.

Something else the archaeologists found buried beneath this patio, I was surprised to learn, were around 60 skeletons, probably the remains of ancient VIPs. “These people,” Laura Soler told us, “typically had artificially flattened heads and their teeth had been filed to sharp points. All these skeletons have been sent off for study by bioarchaeologists, but there are probably many more bodies under here that we haven’t uncovered yet, just a few centimeters beneath your feet.”

A few steps from the patio we came to the I-shaped ball court, which is very nicely preserved. There, our guide showed us two of four big statues carved in stone, which had once stood at the four extremities of the ball court. “These figures,” said Soler, “are shown dressed in the typical sportswear and gloves of the day.”

Most curious of all was the fact that one of the four statues found here had been deliberately sculpted in two parts: a body and a head, apparently in relation to the preHispanic custom of honoring the captain of the winning team with decapitation.

A few steps up above the ball court, you come to the last feature of the archaeological tour: a shaft tomb, clearly indicating how far back the Cerro del Teúl goes. This method of burial was in vogue 2000 years ago, but probably died out around 400 AD. The pit or shaft could be as deep as 20 meters, with several chambers at the bottom, each containing at least one body accompanied by many ofrendas, offerings…perhaps in the thousands. To protect the tomb from looting, the shaft would typically be filled back in with dirt.

Back down at the Visitors Center, who did I bump into but Peter Jiménez, with whom I had previously corresponded—all in Spanish—without ever realizing he spoke English. “Actually, I’m from Rochester, Minnesota,” he told me. “I came to Mexico to study archaeology when I was 17 and I just stayed here. I’ve been doing archaeology here in Zacatecas for 34 years.”

“How long have you been involved in this project?” I asked Jiménez.

“Well, I first came here to Teúl in 1984, hoping to work on this site, but we realized that the ruins at La Quemada, further north in Zacatecas, were in dreadful condition and we’d better fix that place up before starting on a new one. At one time I had 520 people working for me at La Quemada, picking up the stones so we could put everything back together again. That site was like an old man in an emergency room, with kidney problems, liver problems and brain problems. So we had to do emergency archaeology there to save the site.”

Eventually Jiménez came back to Teúl, where he has been working for ten years. “The Cerro del Teúl is tremendously important,” he told me. “While La Quemada had only about six years of occupation, Teúl has been continuously occupied for 15 to 16 centuries, stretching from the Shaft-Tomb period to the arrival of the Spaniards. It shows us that dramatic changes did not mean people died or vanished, but simply that new ideas came along and the directionality vector changed. People started imitating lifestyles from somewhere else. Long-duration sites like this one at Teúl help us to see these changes.”

The newly opened archaeological site has a Visitors’ Center, restrooms and a First Aid Center and is open Tuesdays to Sundays from 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM. To get there, ask Google to take you to “Zona arqueologico del Teul.”
เขียนเมื่อ 10 ตุลาคม ค.ศ. 2018
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Donzalez
ลอสแอนเจลิส, แคลิฟอร์เนีย2 ผลงาน
Strenuous but beautiful hike
ก.พ. ค.ศ. 2018 • ครอบครัว
If you like history and beautiful views, this is the hike for you. The climb to the very top of the hill is strenuous but the trail is now well maintained with frequent rest stations with benches and shade. Cerro del Teúl, Cerro del Sombrero or the Caxcan hill top community of Tonaycacán, "from where the mother watches", is an active archaeological site with exciting discoveries being made. The site is currently the longest continuously inhabited site in Mexico and its record is reshaping our understanding of Mesoamerican cultures. The hill is an Atlpetl, a "water hill" both in the literal and metaphoric sense. Springs of water flow from one side of the hill and Atllpetl was the nahuatl name used to describe religious and cultural centers of influence in Mesoamerica. Some of the uncovered artifacts have been a sunken plaza complete with a small pyramid, a ball court with a pair of statues at one end that allude to the hero twins of the Popol Vuh. Also, undisturbed shaft tombs, a copper furnace and many other artifacts dating up to the most recent inhabitants, the Caxcan confederacy. If you look at the hill as you climb, you will see parapets. These were built to defend the hill from rival indigenous nations and lastly from Spanish invaders. Nuño de Guzman or as he was known among his peers, "Bloody Guzman", attempted to conquer the region with violence and imposing slavery on the indigenous communities. Guzman's behavior was so extreme that even his Spanish soldiers were aghast. He was taken back to Spain and tried but Guzman's actions sparked the Mixton War, a conflict between the Spanish colonizers and their Tlaxcaltec allies and a united indigenous alliance of nations which challenged Spanish colonial power so severely that they considered abandoning the region altogether. The hill played a role as a peñol hill fortress where the Caxcanes and their allies resisted the Spanish for many years. After a peace was achieved, the present town of Teúl was founded as a villa. A villa was a place where indigenous people were instructed by the Spanish indigenous allies into the new ways of Spanish colonial society. The very top of the hill, offers stunning views of the town and surrounding area. I recommend starting early in the morning or late in the afternoon as the sun may make it hard to climb. Bring comfortable shoes, pants (ticks are common) and plenty of water. At leisurely pace you'll be able to reach the top in about an hour.
เขียนเมื่อ 25 สิงหาคม ค.ศ. 2018
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gemanoemi06
ซากาเตกัส, เม็กซิโก4 ผลงาน
Hermoso
ส.ค. ค.ศ. 2016 • ครอบครัว
Pueblo colorido y tranquilo al sur del Estado, sin duda alguna le hace honor al título de "Pueblo Mágico", tienes que visitarlo.
เขียนเมื่อ 27 สิงหาคม ค.ศ. 2016
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Agrope
Aguascalientes, เม็กซิโก143 ผลงาน
Sitio arqueológico interesantísimo y hermosa comunidad, en todos los sentidos
ก.ค. ค.ศ. 2016 • คู่รัก
Me gustó muchísimo la visita a Teúl de González Ortega, en Zacatecas. Es un pueblo muy pequeño, pero muy lindo, y, sobre todo, me gustó el sentido de trabajo comunitario que han conseguido en los últimos años. Cuidan y mantienen limpia la presa -con trajineras hechas por artesanos de Xochimilco-; los guías que te llevan al sitio arqueológico en el Cerro son alumnos del cronista del pueblo, así que el recorrido es bastante bueno (y la vista inmejorable); los últimos domingos de cada mes organizan una muestra gastronómica y artesanal muy bonita (no se vayan sin probar los pajaretes y las gorditas de horno...). Vale mucho la pena darse una vuelta por ahí. P.D. En agosto son las fiestas del hijo ausente, en memoria de los que se van al norte.
เขียนเมื่อ 5 สิงหาคม ค.ศ. 2016
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