Mount Sabalan Crater Lake
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คะแนน 5.0 จาก 5 แต้ม19 รีวิว

Amin Shahbazzadeh
Ardabil, อิหร่าน9 ผลงาน
คะแนน 5.0 จาก 5 แต้ม
ต.ค. ค.ศ. 2023 • เพื่อนๆ
Located in the extreme northwest of Iran, Sabalan is the country's third-highest peak after Damavand and Alam-Kuh. It is also slightly higher than Mont Blanc in the Alps.

The mountain offers many attractions throughout the year. On the slopes of the mountain, the mineral water from springs attracts large numbers of tourists each year, many of whom have faith in healing properties attributed to the springs. The nomadic people of the area live in small villages, with their round "Yurt" tents appealing to tourism. Sabalan has a ski resort (Alvares) and different tourist areas such as the Sarein spa. The mountain is known for its beautiful vistas, including the Shirvan gorge, where few climbers ever venture.
เขียนเมื่อ 4 ตุลาคม ค.ศ. 2023
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เตหะราน, อิหร่าน114 ผลงาน
คะแนน 5.0 จาก 5 แต้ม
ต.ค. ค.ศ. 2019
Another high peak of Alborz mountains is Sabalan.

Sabalan or "Savalan" (in Turkish language) is the most important symbol of the Azerbaijan region in Iran.

Sabalan has three peaks called Sultan, Heram and Kasra. Sultan Peak is higher than the other two peaks and is the destination of many tourists interested in Trekking and mountaineering.

Geographical Location

Sabalan is the third most elevated peak in Iran which is located in the northwest of the country, in Ardabil province. Sabalan is one of the volcanic peaks in Iran which has always attracted tourists due to the natural hot springs on the slopes, the beautiful summer nature and the Alvares ski resort.

The Cities Nearby

Sabalan is the most important mountain in Ardabil province, 35 kilometers from Ardebil and 25 kilometers southeast of Meshginshahr.

This peak is 60 kilometers long and 45 kilometers wide.

Sabalan Peak Lake

There is a beautiful lake at the top of Mount Sabalan, which attracts tourists to this summit and lake. The oval-shaped lake is 40 meters deep. The lake’s water is supplied with snow and it is frozen in most seasons of the year.
The size of this lake is approximately 80 meters by 140.

Altitude above Sea Level
Mount Sabalan, a dormant volcano with an altitude of 4811 meters above sea level, is the third highest peak in Iran after Mount Damavand and Mount Alam-Kuh, and is one of the 1515 most prominent peaks in the world.

The average precipitation in Mount Sabalan, estimated by Ardabil Meteorological Organization, is 500 mm per year, mostly in the form of snow.

Sabalan in the History Mythology of This Land

The oldest document to mention Sabalan is Avesta. Sabalan, like many natural phenomena in the territory of Iran, especially the mountains, is of great importance in historical mythology. Sabalan is called ‘Savalan’ in Turkish and ‘Seflun’ in Taleshi dialect.

According to some narratives, Sabalan was chosen by Zoroaster as a place to pray and meditate and he started his mission as a prophet here. It is also stated in Nietzsche's book “Thus Spoke Zarathustra”. And some believe that Zarathustra’s tomb is on this mountain under one of its rocks.

Ashiqs of Azerbaijan also call it savalan in their songs. Sabalan is highly respected and sacred by the nomad tribes and the indigenous people. Sabalan's lush nature is a place where Shahsavan nomads meet in spring and summer.

Sabalan at UNESCO World Heritage

Sabalan, recorded in Iranian natural tourist attractions, is also highly considered by UNESCO, thanks to its special climatic conditions, and it is described as follows:

UNESCO has described Sabalan as a biosphere reserve. "This reserve is located in the Caucasus Mountains of Iran near the Iranian border with the Republic of Azerbaijan and Armenia. Located between the Caspian, Caucasian and Mediterranean regions, it has alpine meadows, semi-arid plains, meadows and forests, rivers and springs. Abundant elevations above 2000 meters above sea level."

Other Features of Sabalan

Sabalan has several peaks with different heights which expand along Arasbaran mountains (Arasbaran or Qaradagh is a mountainous region in the north of the East Azerbaijan province, with Mount Qoshadagh to the north and Ahar to Aras River to the south) and is connected to Mount Sahand to the southwest.

Sabalan is covered with snow all year round. So, Sabalan’s Alvares ski resort has snow eight months of the year. But Mount Sabalan has two features of its own: Lake Sabalan at the top of the mountain, and the Eagle Rock.

Eagle Rock, Symbol of Mount Sabalan

In a distance to the peak, there is a rock which looks very much like a great eagle, with head towards the East, as if it is waiting for the sunrise.

 Mount Sabalan Climbing Routes

Summer is the best season to climb Sabalan. There are three routes for climbing Mount Sabalan:

- Northeast Route (Shabil Spa): This route starts from Shabil Spa in Lahrud. The city of Lahrud is located on the road from Ardabil to Meshginshahr.

Passing through the city of Lahrud and the shelter, you will reach the summit via the East Ridge.

This is the simplest route to reach the summit. Along with the path, the route is provided with various flags.

Through this route, you can reach the summit of Mount Sabalan by walking for a few hours from morning to noon.

- West route (Lake Qaragol): This route starts from the shore of Lake Qaragol. Passing through Heramchal and the great glacier of Heram, this route reaches the western shelter and then to the summit of Mount Sabalan.

- South Route: The route starts from the southern part of the mountain. This route reaches the summit via the East Ridge. It should be noticed that there is no shelter along this route.

Mount Sabalan Glaciers

There are 5 glaciers in Sabalan, with the possibility of winter ascent.

Two glaciers, located on the steep slope of Mount Sultan, are Pir-e-Shomali Glacier with a length of about 4 to 5 meters and the Northern Glacier.

The other two glaciers, located on the slope of Mount Kasra-Dagh, are Kasra Big Glacier and Kasra Small Glacier with the lengths of 10 to 11 meters.

The fifth glacier, located on the north side of Mount Heram, is Heram-Dagh Glacier with a length of 9 to 10 meters.


There are two shelters on the way to Sabalan summit, to accommodate the mountain climbers.

The main shelter is located in the northeast of Mount. The shelter is located at an altitude of 3700 meters above sea level. It can be reached either on foot or by off-road vehicles through an approximately 10 km bumpy dirt road from Shabil Spa.

It will take approximately three hours on foot to reach the shelter.

The other shelter is the West Shelter, which is located on the route up to the peaks of Mount Heram and Mount Sultan, to the west of Sabalan, upper than Lake Qara-gol. The shelter has an altitude of 400 meters above sea level and is the nearest shelter to the summit of Mount Sabalan. To reach this shelter you should pass through Sarbanlar village route to the Lake Tus-Goli and Lake Qara-Gol.

Habitats in Sabalan

There are 11 types of habitat around Mount Sabalan. The habitats are home to animals including brown bears, weasels, foxes, jackals, rabbits, sparrow hawks, owls, hoopoes, larks, swallows, crows, golden eagles and wild boars.
เขียนเมื่อ 9 ตุลาคม ค.ศ. 2019
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Asuman Güntay-An Gezgini
อิสตันบูล, ตุรกี1,764 ผลงาน
คะแนน 5.0 จาก 5 แต้ม
พ.ค. ค.ศ. 2018 • เพื่อนๆ
Muhteşem , zirvesindeki krater gölü ile büyüleyici dağlardan biridir benim için..4.811 metrelik zirvesi ile muhteşem , estetik, zirvesinde masmavi doyumsuz büyüleyicilikte krater gölü bulunan bu volkanik dağ, İran'ın kadim topluluklarından Zerdüştilerin ve terziliğin , terzilerin Piri İdris Peygamber'e peygamberliğin geldiği dağ olarak Müslümanların kutsal dağı olarak büyük hürmet ve ilgi görmektedir. Tırmanış adeta kutsanmaya dönüşüyor. Ben suskunluk içinde ,yüzümde bir tebessümle tırmandığım bu harika dağın zirvesinde adeta yeniden doğduğumu hissettim. Göl sularında yıkanmak bir şölendi..
เขียนเมื่อ 9 เมษายน ค.ศ. 2019
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Ardabil, อิหร่าน37 ผลงาน
คะแนน 5.0 จาก 5 แต้ม
ก.พ. ค.ศ. 2019 • เพื่อนๆ
As a person who loves climbing and mountaineering I suggest to visit Sabalan mountains...
At 4,811 metres (15,784 ft) in elevation, it is the second highest mountain in Iran. It has a permanent crater lake formed at its summit. On one of its slopes around 3,600 metres (11,800 ft) in elevation there are large rock formations of eroded volcanic outcrops which resemble animals, birds, and insects.
เขียนเมื่อ 19 กุมภาพันธ์ ค.ศ. 2019
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Sanandaj, อิหร่าน255 ผลงาน
คะแนน 5.0 จาก 5 แต้ม
ส.ค. ค.ศ. 2018 • เพื่อนๆ
Visiting this beautiful lake is a really serious ascend as it is located at the altitude of 4811 meters above see level at the top of the mount Sabalan. Remember to bring a suitable equipment depending on your season of ascend.The easiest time to ascend is in summer time, but it is still a serious climb, although it is very crowded by that time. The mountain itself is very beautiful and you can find gorgeous landscapes in your way to the lake. There is also beautiful wild animals like bears, eagles and etc. You can find some hot spring in your way back down, which i really recommend because after your summit it will be very relaxing.
เขียนเมื่อ 30 ธันวาคม ค.ศ. 2018
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Shiraz, อิหร่าน46 ผลงาน
คะแนน 5.0 จาก 5 แต้ม
ก.ค. ค.ศ. 2018 • เพื่อนๆ
Sabalan is highest peak in NW of Iran with an altitude over 4800m. In summer the area is packed with visitors specially down route in a place called Shabil. Local nomads and their herds in summer when the area is green and lush is another beautiful feature of Sabalan. Nomads are in the area from mid spring until autumn. There is Shabil warm mineral water facility at foothill which I highly recommend after a serious climbing!

there are two main routes Shabil (NE) and the eagle-stone "Sang-e-oghab" (NW) to take. both are beautiful hikes to the lake and summit; the former is more popular than mostly due to better accessibility and the Shabil mineral watre facility! The lake is frozen most of the year ( possibly except for mid summer). Don't attempt this mountain any time other than summer unless you are a professional well-equipped mountaineer freak!
เขียนเมื่อ 13 สิงหาคม ค.ศ. 2018
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Iran Driver Guide
อิหร่าน352 ผลงาน
คะแนน 5.0 จาก 5 แต้ม
ก.ย. ค.ศ. 2017 • เพื่อนๆ
A mysterious and beautiful mountain
You can reach the first camp with the S-Video.
Its name is Hosseinsey
Of course, there may be plenty of places. And you have to camp for yourself.
The route is interesting and has beautiful landscapes.
You may be lost due to the similarity of the paths. Be sure to use the help.
At the top of the mountain is a silent volcano that has become a natural lake.
Enjoy sitting around.
Look at the summit of oxygen and be sure to pay attention to this matter.
เขียนเมื่อ 23 กรกฎาคม ค.ศ. 2018
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sahar t
Tehran Province, อิหร่าน169 ผลงาน
คะแนน 5.0 จาก 5 แต้ม
มิ.ย. ค.ศ. 2017
this is nice cozy city, you can see different place within 3 or 4 hours there is no need to stay and you can pass it while traveling to Tabriz or Ardebil.but these small cities have lot to say some times depending on your mood.
เขียนเมื่อ 13 พฤษภาคม ค.ศ. 2018
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เตหะราน, อิหร่าน119 ผลงาน
คะแนน 5.0 จาก 5 แต้ม
ธ.ค. ค.ศ. 2017 • เดินทางคนเดียว
Sabalan summit is third highest mountain in Iran and is easy hiking to reach summit from the classic the top of this mountain you can see beautiful lake
เขียนเมื่อ 16 ธันวาคม ค.ศ. 2017
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Ardabil, อิหร่าน22 ผลงาน
คะแนน 5.0 จาก 5 แต้ม
ก.ย. ค.ศ. 2017 • คู่รัก
I have ascended to sabalan in september it was my 14th ascend to this holy mountain and second ascend from western side.I started hiking from Khavandi at 5 am and after 5 hours i passed Yaprak mountain and reached to eagle stone and iron shelter that called Janpanah.after half hour resting i started to go toward the amazing lake in the 4811 meter height.the western side of sabalan usually is not crowded and there i was alone so it was silent and i had a strange feeling but the view was different and beautiful in this side and you can sense greatness of mountain .Finally after exciting two hours i was in the sabalan summit and next to the paradise lake.
เขียนเมื่อ 13 พฤศจิกายน ค.ศ. 2017
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Mount Sabalan Crater Lake (Ardabil, อิหร่าน) - รีวิว - Tripadvisor

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